APA 7 - Problem in References

Milan K. shared this problem 36 days ago
NEW

Hi all,

I noticed a couple of issues with the reference list when using APA style - 7th edition:

1. Journal article titles are in sentence case, which is how they are supposed to be (https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/reference-guide.pdf). However, even proper nouns are in small case, e.g.:

Badcock, P. B. T., Pattison, P. E., & Harris, K.‑L. (2010). Developing generic skills through university study: A study of arts, science and engineering in australia. Higher Education, 60(4), 441–458. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-010-9308-8


2. Titles of books are in capital case, although they are supposed to be in sentence case (same as journal titles):

Task Force on Higher Education and Society. (2000). Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise. The World Bank.


3. Access date is not included for internet sources/websites, although this is also supposed to be done in APA.


I'm relatively new to Citavi and have no clue why this is happening and how to fix it.

Replies (12)

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APA 7th no longer provides for an ACCESS date. So that's right. I know that the old Citavi team (Citavi has just been sold) has worked very hard on the APA style and I am convinced that everything is correct as it is. See also here:

https://help.citavi.com/en/knowledge-base/article/apa-american-psychological-association-7th-ed_1

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After trying out all the major referencing managers I decided to stick to Citavi because it seemed like the best one both in terms of features and user-friendliness. I just don't know why certain books are appearing in title case, seems a bit weird as it shouldn't be happening based on the knowledge base article that you posted...

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The APA rules are so complicated that sometimes the result seems surprising. But if you follow it closely, it is correct.

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I've played with the programme a little bit, and it seems that it displays book titles the same way they are written in the original reference entry. As these are (at least in my case) retrieved via ISBN or DOI, they are normally in title case, so I'd need to edit them manually to avoid this problem.


Clearly, this is a bug that needs to be fixed. It happens with books and edited books, but not with contributions in edited books.

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No, according to APA the titles are written in lower case:

hhttps://libguides.umgc.edu/c.php?g=1003870&p=7270653

https://irsc.libguides.com/APA/Title

Trust Citavi!

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Perhaps I was being unclear: Citavi is not writing book titles in lower case with only the first letter being capitalised (as they are supposed to be according to APA 7), that's the problem.

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Now I would be interested in a test document with a misrepresented source. You use the American Psychological Association (APA), 7th ed.

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This should do it. The enclosed document contains descriptions and examples of all the issues I encountered.

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Sorry, you're right. The style has errors. Since I don't know anything about scripts, I wish you success in contacting support.

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Thanks :)

Is it worth it contacting support, though? How responsive are they?

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The problem is that support has not made a public appearance for some time. I don't know to what extent they respond to emails. There used to be a page called Report a Citation Style Error, but it is currently inactive.

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There is a (temporary) solution, which is to enter the title in Citavi in ​​the exact case you want it to be, as that's what the output in the reference list will look like in APA 7th ed. (at least with books and edited books). However, this definitely needs to be fixed asap since the purpose of a reference manager is really to do these things automatically so you can focus on more important things... Especially a tool that now wants to charge the highest price on the market. Not to mention that APA is the most widely used citation style...


I sent the customer support an email explaining the errors, so let's see what happens.

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Hello Milan and Pragmarius,

The situation with APA 7 is quite unfortunate.

Many external databases which we query and import titles from contain the titles in "Title Case". This leads to you having "Title Case" in your Citavi project. To fix this, some time ago, we included a script for automatic transformation of "Title Case" into "sentence case".

Unfortunately, this was a mistake, and we are going to remove the script.

It is possible to transform sentence case into Title Case, because every Word gets the first letter capitalized but a short list of words (and, it, the, about, and several others more).

However, for several reasons, it is not possible to automatically transform Title Case into sentence case:

  1. Words that are ALL CAPS like NATO, WHO etc.
  2. Proper names must be excluded, but the list is near infinite
  3. Some words can be both proper names and normal words (may vs. May; mount vs. Mount)

While it would be possible to handle case no. 1, we cannot handle cases 2 and 3.

The biggest obstacle is that in the case of an automated process, it is not possible for the user to do anything about it if something is not correct - unless you transform fields into plain text in the end and correct it then, but that is not a good solution, I would say.

To cut a long story short, the only way out is to manually correct all titles that are imported into Citavi in Title Case.

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the Citavi APA style en has even more errors, for example, the publisher is output twice.

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Example: APA American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (English)

591049342cc9eaab122c2d1647352c51

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Another issue is that Citavi has the hanging indent for references set to 2. when it has always been .5 since APA 6th edition. Changing it almost always causes Word to convulse.

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Citavi has never formatted the reference pages correctly for me, it has always had two spaces instead of 5. I always have to go back and reformat the page. But I've always relied on the references being correct other than that. I hope they get it sorted out because I've tried other systems but I've used Citavi for three years and I have one year left on my Master... I don't want to learn anything else.

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I can no longer find the error. According to the time stamp, the style was edited on 15.09. Interestingly, the style in the file system (in AppData) has the word "Kopie" in the name. However, it is displayed correctly in Citavi.

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